The Boston Red Sox are one of the most recognized teams in Major League Baseball. The franchise has remained in Boston from its inception. The Red Sox won the very first World Series in 1903 and saw great success until the 1918-2004 championship drought that is commonly attributed to the “Curse of the Bambino”. The Red Sox and the New York Yankees have a decades old rivalry that is one of the most storied in sports.
The Toronto Blue Jays are an expansion team created in 1977. They have always resided in Toronto, and are currently the only Major League team based out of Canada. They are also the only non-US team to win a World Series, which they did in 1992 and 1993, making them one of the few teams to become repeat champions.
The Pittsburgh Pirates were established as the Pittsburgh Alleghenys in 1882. They joined the National League in 1887 and played in the first World Series. Despite a successful history with 5 World Series championships, the current team has suffered 17 consecutive losing seasons.
The Minnesota Twins were established in 1894 as the Kansas City Blues. The team moved to Washington D.C. in 1901 to become the Senators, which was one of the 8 original members of the American League. The team finally landed in Minnesota in 1961. The “Twins” name is a reference to the Twin Cities area of St. Paul and Minneapolis.
The Detroit Tigers were established in 1894 and became one of the original members of the American League. They have kept the same name and are one of only four franchises who have remained in the same town throughout their existence.
The New York Yankees are the most successful baseball franchise. The team began in 1901 as the Baltimore Orioles, then moved to New York in 1903 as the Highlanders, until taking the “Yankees” name ten years later. The Yankees have achieved notoriety through their continued success and their extremely high payrolls. The Yankees have a fierce rivalry with the Red Sox, beginning with the sale of Babe Ruth from the Red Sox to the Yankees in 1919.
The Texas Rangers are the current incarnation of the 1961 Washington Senators, based out of Washington D.C. The team moved to Arlington, Texas in 1972 and adopted the “Rangers” name. The franchise is the oldest to have never played in a World Series, and is the only Major League team to have never won a playoff series.
The Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim were established in 1961 as the Los Angeles Angels. The team was known as the California Angels from 1965 to 1996, when they relocated to Anaheim. The team had yet another name change in 2005 when they were named the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim in an effort to take advantage of the large LA market.
The Washington Nationals were established in 1969 as the Montreal Expos, the first Major League team based in Canada. They were relocated to Washington D.C. in 2005 and took on the “Nationals” name that was used by previous D.C. located teams.
The Seattle Mariners are an expansion team in the American League, established in 1977. The Mariners did not have a winning season until 1991, and have never advanced to the World Series. The Mariners hold the Major League Record for wins in a season, with 116 in 2001.
The Milwaukee Brewers originated in 1969 as the Seattle Pilots, before being relocated and renamed in 1970. The team was initially in the American League, but was moved into the National League in 1998. The team’s only World Series appearance came in 1982.
The Houston Astros were established in 1962 as the Colt .45s, before taking on the “Astros” moniker in 1965. The name of the team and their then state-of-the-art domed stadium, the Astrodome, were in reference to Houston’s involvement in the US’s space program. The Astros are the oldest team to remain in the same city throughout their existence to never win a World Series. Their only World Series appearance came in 2005.
The Chicago White Sox are one of two Major League teams in the city of Chicago. The team originated as the Sioux City Cornhuskers in 1894, then moved to St. Paul until 1900 when the team landed in Chicago. The White Sox were one of the 8 initial members of the American League. The White Sox and the Chicago Cubs share an inter-league rivalry.
The New York Mets were an early National League expansion team in 1962. They have appeared in more World Series than any other expansion team and have won the Series twice. The Mets were a return to National League baseball for the city of New York.
The Florida Marlins are a National League expansion team founded in 1993. They won the World Series both times they made the playoffs, the only team to do so. They have never won the National League East Division, advancing in 1997 and 2003 as a Wild Card team.
The Los Angeles Dodgers were established in 1883 as the Brooklyn Dodgers, and moved to Los Angeles in 1958. The Dodgers have won more National League pennants than any other team and have also appeared in more World Series than any National League team, winning 6 times.
The Oakland Athletics were established in 1901 at the Philadelphia Athletics, and after moving to Kansas City in 1955, finally settled in Oakland in 1970. They are one of the 8 original franchises in the American League. They are commonly referred to as the “A’s”, and have won 9 World Series titles throughout their history.
The Kansas City Royal were established in 1969 as an American League expansion team. The team was created to fill the void left when the Kansas City Athletics left the town. The “Royals” name was selected in reference to the annual American Royal livestock show. They won their first and only World Series in 1985.
The San Diego Padres were founded in 1969. The team was named after an early 20th century Pacific Coast League team, and the name “Padres” references the spanish friars who founded San Diego in the 18th century.
The Arizona Diamondbacks are a National League expansion team, founded in 1998. They became the fastest team to win their first World Series in 2001, just 4 seasons into their existence.
The Cincinnati Reds were established in 1882 as the Cincinnati Red Stockings, a name that referenced the first professional baseball team. They took on the “Reds” name in 1890, thought they briefly changed it to the “Redlegs” through 1953-1958 to avoid association with the Communist party.
The Cleveland Indians were established in 1894 as the Grand Rapids Rustlers, and moved to Cleveland as the Lake Shores in 1900. After several name changes, the team settled on the “Indians” name in 1915. The franchise was one of the 8 original teams in the American League.
The Colorado Rockies are a National League expansion team, established in 1991. They are based out of Denver, Colorado, and the high altitude has made their current ballpark, Coors Field, notoriously hitter friendly. The team went to its first World Series in 2007 after winning 21 of 22 games at the end of the season.
The Baltimore Orioles were established in 1894 as the Milwaukee Brewers, and moved to St. Louis in 1902 as the Browns before ending up in Baltimore in 1954 as the Orioles. The franchise was one of the 8 original members of the American League.
The Tampa Bay Rays are an expansion team created in 1998, and were originally named the Tampa Bay Devil Rays. The city went through a long waiting process before they got their team, but the Rays made the wait worthwhile in 2008 when they advanced to the World Series. The Rays have a well documented rivalry with the Boston Red Sox involving several team brawls on the field.
The St. Louis Cardinals are a National League team that despite several name changes, has always remained in St. Louis. The Cardinals began in 1882 as a part of the American Association with the name of the St. Louis Brown Stockings. The Cardinals main rivalry is with the Chicago Cubs, a fellow member of the NL Central Division. They have won more World Series than any other NL team, and more than any Major League team outside of the New York Yankees.
The Braves franchise is one of the two original members of the National League that is still in existence today, originally known as the Boston Red Stockings. The “Braves” name was first used while the team was still in Boston in 1912. The franchise moved to Milwaukee from 1953 to 1965, before finally ending up in Atlanta in 1966. The Braves won the National League East division a record 14 consecutive years from 1991-2005.
The Chicago Cubs are one of two teams that were founded during the creation of the National League in 1870. The Cubs are the oldest active team still in their original city. They took on the “Cubs” name in 1902. The Cubs have not won a World Series in over 100 years, the longest drought in Major League baseball.
The Philadelphia Phillies were established in 1883, and are the oldest franchise to stay in the same city under the same name. Because of this long history, the Phillies have more losses than any other sports franchise.
The San Fransisco Giants were established as the New York Gothams in 1883, and moved to their current city in 1958.